Suresh Forestry Network
Chickballapur, Chikkaballapur, Karnataka, India
Mobile : +91-9845300212, +91-9845315454
Call Us : 08042755845
It is found throughout the state mainly in deciduous forests but never occurs gregariously. Identified by light grey bark, broad-ovate acuminate leaves with cordate base and presence of 2 to 4 shining prominent glands on the under surface of the leaves between the primary nerves. It shows preference for fertile, deep, well drained, sandy loam soils in moist valleys.
Family : Verbenaceae
Common Name : Gamhar
Telugu Name : Gummudu, Gumuidu-teku
Flowering : The panicle of yellow tubular flowers appear from February to March when the tree is leafless.
Fruiting : Fruits ripen from the end of April to June.
Morphology of the Fruit/Seed : Fruit is ovoid, yellow, succulent drupe, 1.8 to 2.5 cms long, having a sweetish pulp and enclosing a hard bony stone. The stone is 1.5 to 1.8 cms long, ovoid, pointed at one end, usually 2-seeded.
Seed Collection and Storage : Ripe brown fruits are collected from April to June from the ground, duly rejecting the green and black ones. Fruits are heaped under or buried in a pit for 4 to 5 days and then washed to remove the pulp. Although seeds can be stored for one year with slight decrease in viability, it is advised to use the fresh seeds.
Pretreatment : Pretreatment of seeds not necessary. Pre-germination in damp sand is sometimes practised.
Nursery Technique : Seed is dibbled to a depth of 2 cms in the soil of polybags in June to July. Considerable amount of heat and moisture is needed to stimulate the germination and so the beds are covered with a layer of hay. The growth of the taproot is slow.
|No. of depulped seeds per Kg.||Germination percentage||Plant percent||Period of germination in days|
|2500||13 to 90||30 to||15 to 21|